Tag Archives: traditional knowledge

Teff Flour Patent Controversy Settled: Dutchman Does Not Have Patent Right to the Ethiopian Food Staple

Teff is an Ethiopian ancient grain used to make injera, a spongy fermented flatbread that is a food staple of Ethiopian culture. In 2007, a Dutchman, Jans Roosjen, obtained two patents for teff flour. The Dutch District Court of The Hague recently invalidated those two patents in Ancientgrain BV v Bakels Senior NV, and Ethiopians are…
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WIPO IGC 39: Unraveling the Tiered Approach to TK/TCEs

One of the major innovations of the IGC, in its long-running search for international legal instruments for the effective protection of TK/TCEs (Traditional Knowledge / Traditional Cultural Expressions), is the idea of tiered or differentiated approaches to TK/TCEs. The essence of looking at TK/TCEs on a tiered basis is the recognition that some TK/TCE categories are diffused…
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Increasing inclusion of Indigenous traditional knowledge in post-secondary education

In 2015, the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada (TRC) called for funding “to educate teachers on how to integrate Indigenous knowledge and teaching methods into classrooms” (see Call to Action 62(ii)). The focus thus far has been on training K-12 teachers. However, in the spirit of reconciliation, and in service of a full and comprehensive…
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Trans Mountain Pipeline: “Getting It Right” Means More Time

Image by William Chen via Wikipedia (CC BY-SA 4.0)   The Federal Court of Appeal recently overturned Ottawa’s approval of the Trans Mountain pipeline expansion, citing a lack of proper consultation with affected Aboriginal peoples, as required under Section 35 of the Constitution Act, 1982. The duty to consult Aboriginal peoples and accommodate their concerns arises…
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