Tag Archives: genetic resources

Canada Steps Up at WIPO IGC, Links it with Reconciliation and Boosts Voluntary Fund for Indigenous Participation

The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) Intergovernmental Committee on Intellectual Property and Genetic Resources, Traditional Knowledge and Folklore – more popularly known by its acronym, IGC – is tasked with the mandate to engage in text-based negotiations for the effective protection of genetic resources (GRs), traditional knowledge (TK), and traditional cultural expressions (TCEs). The need…
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GMO Crops, Risks to Biodiversity, and the Enduring Value of Indigenous Knowledge

As early as 2021, Bayer (previously Bayer-Monsanto) will release SmartStax Pro, the first federally-approved GMO to use RNA interference – a biological process that prevents cells from creating specific proteins – to defend plants against consumption by specific insect pests. Release of a GMO naturally corresponds with a reduction in biodiversity as the previous crops are outcompeted…
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Blockchain Technology and Access and Benefit-Sharing

This post was contributed by Frederic Perron-Welch, an International Law Advisor and PhD candidate at the Grotius Centre for International Legal Studies, Leiden University. Frederic lives in Geneva.    Emerging information technologies such as blockchain may provide opportunities for lowering transaction costs and increasing legal certainty in ABS transactions. The current discussions in the CBD…
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Implications of Digital DNA on the Nagoya Protocol

“Biopiracy” refers to the phenomena whereby plants and animals are physically removed from Indigenous communities, without their knowledge or consent, in order to extract and manipulate genetic material from those plants or animals. This is typically done to commercialize some characteristic of the plant or animal that has marketable properties. For example, the anti-freeze proteins…
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