Stakeholders

Our Stakeholders

Below is a continuously updated list of stakeholders. Have a name to add? Contact us.

Aboriginal Organizations and Governments

These organizations and governments represent constituencies with a stake in Canadian access and benefit sharing policy.

Organization Contact (where applicable) Email Phone
Affiliates Council of Yukon First Nations Grand Chief Ruth Massie ruth.massie@cyfn.net 867-393-9224
Assembly of First Nations National Chief Perry Bellegarde 613-241-6789
Assembly of Manitoba Chiefs Grand Chief Derek Nepinak gcnepinak@manitobachiefs.com 204-956-0610
Association of Iroquois & Allied Indians Grand Chief Gord Peters dstonefish@aiai.on.ca 519-434-2761
Atlantic Policy Conference of First Nation Chiefs Secretariat John G. Paul john.paul@apcfnc.ca 902-435-8021
Chiefs of Ontario Chief Stan Beardy sbeardy@afn.ca 807-626-9339
Confederacy of Treaty No. 6 First Nations Grand Chief Marvin Yellowbird jcardinal@treatysix.org 780-944-0334
Congress of Aboriginal Peoples National Chief Betty Anne Lavallée gilles@abo-peoples.org 613-747-6022
Council of Conne River Micmacs Chief Mi'sel Joe sagamawa@mfngov.ca 709-882-2470
Denendeh National Office National Chief Bill Erasmus berasmus@afn.ca 867-873-4081
Eskasoni Mi'kmaw Nation 902-379-2800
Eskasoni Fish and Wildlife Commission efwc@efwc.ca 902-379-2024
Federation of Saskatchewan Indian Nations Interim Chief Kimberly Jonathan kimberly.jonathan@fsin.com 306-956-6904
Grand Council of the Crees (Québec) Grand Chief Matthew Coon Come mcc@gcc.ca 819-673-2600
Grand Council Treaty No. 3 Grand Chief Warren White grand.chief@treaty3.ca 807-548-4214
Gwich'in Social and Cultural Institute Sharon Snowshoe gsciexecutivedirector@learnnet.nt.ca 867- 952-2524
IKANAWTIKET Environmental Incorporated Joshua McNeely jmcneely@ikanawtiket.ca 902-895-2982
Indigenous Bar Association Anne Chalmers achalmers@indigenousbar.ca
Innu Nation Grand Chief Joseph Riche jriche@innu.ca 709-497-8398
Manitoba Keewatinowi Okimakanak Grand Chief David Harper dharper@mkonorth.com 204-677-1600
Maritime Aboriginal Peoples Council Roger Hunka rhunka@mapcorg.ca 902-895-2982
Mi'kmaq Confederacy of PEI Sandra Gaudet sgaudet@mcpei.ca 902-436-5101
National Aboriginal Health Organization 613-237-9462
Native Council of Nova Scotia Chief Grace Conrad core1@eastlink.ca 902-895-1523
Native Council of Prince Edward Island Chief Lisa Cooper lisa@ncpei.com 902-892-5314
Native Womens' Association of Canada Teresa Edwards tedwards@nwac.ca 613-722-3033
New Brunswick Aboriginal Peoples Council Chief Wendy Wetteland chief@nbapc.org 506-458-8422
Nisga'a Lisims Government Edward Allen edwarda@nisgaa.net 250-633-3000
Nishnabwe-Aski Nation Grand Chief Harvey Yesno jshewaybick@nan.on.ca 807-623-8228
Nunavut Research Institute Mary Ellen Thomas Maryellen.thomas@arcticcollege.ca 867-979-7280
Nunavut Tunngavik Incorporated Glenn Williams gwilliams@tunngavik.com 867-975-4924
Plenty Canada Larry McDermott larry@plentycanada.com 613-278-2215
Quebec Native Women Jennifer Brazeau specialevents@faq-qnw.org 450-632-0088
Southern Chiefs Organization (Manitoba) Grand Chief Murray Clearsky gchief@scoinc.mb.ca 204-946-1869
The Confederacy of Mainland Mi'kmaq Don Julien don@cmmns.com 902-895-6385
Treaty No. 7 Management Corporation Ryan Robb rrobb@treaty7.org 403-281-9779
Treaty 8 First Nations of Alberta Grand Chief Roland Twinn rcappo@treaty8.org 780-444-9366
Unamaki Institute of Natural Resources Lisa Young info@uinr.ca 902-379-2163
Union of B.C. Indian Chiefs Grand Chief Stewart Phillip don@ubcic.bc.ca 604-684-0231
Union of New Brunswick Indians Darrell Paul darrell@unbi.org 506-458-9444
Union of Nova Scotia Indians rec@unsi.ns.ca 902-539-4107
Union of Ontario Chiefs (Anishinabek Nation) info@anishinabek.ca 705-497-9127

 

 

 

 

Aboriginal Legal Resources

Lawyers and legal scholars who have expertise in the intersection between environmental policy and Aboriginal legal rights, or have worked on biodiversity or traditional knowledge issues.

Firm/Organization Name Field/Expertise/Background Email Phone
Eagle Law Brian MacDonald First Nations governance, environmental law, human rights, constitutional law.

Participant, "Northern Perspectives on ABS" (2005).

Helped develop traditional knowledge policies for the Yukon government.

eaglelaw@eaglelaw.ca
867-393-2719
Federation of Canadian Municipalities Peigi Wilson Biological and cultural diversity, Indigenous rights, consultation, access and benefit sharing, water and water use governance, climate change, Indigenous knowledge and intellectual property rights. pwilson@fcm.ca 613-907-6296
Gowlings (Vancouver) Merle Alexander Aboriginal intellectual property rights, traditional knowledge. Former head of the IIFB negotiating team on the Nagoya Protocol. merle.alexander@gowlings.com 604-891-2271
Joffe Law Paul Joffe Aboriginal and constitutional law.

Legal counsel for Grand Council of the Crees.

pjoffe@joffelaw.ca 450-465-3654
Native Law Centre (University of Saskatchewan) James (Sákéj) Youngblood Henderson Treaty rights, treaty federalism, indigenous knowledge and heritage Sakej.Henderson@usask.ca
Nelligan O'Brien Payne Alexandra Keenan Aboriginal self-governance, Aboriginal legal traditions, indigenous rights, sustainable development alex.keenan@nelligan.ca 613-683-8115
Olthuis Kleer Townshend Jessica Iveson Aboriginal land claims and self-governance, environmental policy compliance. Past researcher at the Truth and Reconciliation Commission. jiveson@oktlaw.com 416-981-9333
West Coast Environmental Law Hannah Askew Intersection of indigenous law and environmental policy admin@wcel.org 604-684-7378
Willms & Shier Environmental Lawyers LLP Charles Birchall Aboriginal law (especially consultation and economic development), environmental law cbirchall@willmsshier.com 613-761-2424

 

 

Industry Stakeholders

This list includes private corporations, trade associations, and public-private partnerships that use, access, or benefit from genetic resources. Entries are sorted alphabetically, hyperlinked, and accompanied by a note indicating the work done by each company or group, or the names of important brands and subsidiaries.

Agriculture and Horticulture

Company/Trade Association Notes
Arysta LifeScience Major agrochemcial producer and supplier
BASF Plant Science Chemical company with plant biotechnology division - multiple research sites in Canada
Bayer CropScience Plant biotechnology, crop protection, seed production
BIOTECanada National industry association for Canada's biotech sector
Canadian Seed Trade Association Trade association representing seed growers, researchers, and distributors
CropLife Canada Trade association for manufacturers/distributors of plant science technology
Dow AgroSciences Biotechnology, seed/crop production, pest management
Engage Agro Crop protection and plant management
FMC Canada Agrochemical producer/distributor
FP Genetics Canadian wholesale purchaser/distributor of newly engineered seed varieties
Gowan Canada Biotech, plant management
Ingredion Canada Supplies raw ingredients for food, beverage, brewing, and pharmaceutical industries
Monsanto Canada Biotech, genetic engineering, plant management
Ontario Agri-Food Technologies Networking and advocacy organization; partners include growers, universities, industry, government
Pioneer Hi-Bred Major producer and supplier of genetically modified seed
Syngenta Canada Major seed and pesticide manufacturer
Vineland Vegetable breeding, genetic engineering of horticultural products, biotechnology R & D

 

 

 

 

Aquaculture and Marine Bioprospecting

Company/Trade Association Notes
Acadian Seaplants Processes seaweed into products for food, biochemical, agricultural and agri-chemical markets
A/F Protein Canada Anti-freeze technology derived from polar fish; used in medical, food, and cosmetics
AquaBounty Technologies US company with farm facility in PEI; bioprospecting and genetically modified fish for aquaculture
Croda Canada Chemicals, crop care, pharmaceutical ingredients; subsidiary Sederma engages in bioprospecting in marine environments
Meg-3 (Ocean Nutrition Canada) Large supplier of Omega-3 EPA/DHA ingredients to dietary supplement and food manufacturing industries
Nautilus Biosciences Canada Marine biotech research and product development
Neptune Bioresources Patented products derived from krill

 

 

 

Cosmetics

Company/Trade Association Notes
Aveda Canada Botanicals/skincare company - committed to monitoring Nagoya Protocol
CCTFA Canadian Cosmetic, Toiletry, and Fragrance Association
Colgate-Palmolive Canada Major cosmetics manufacturer; produces "natural" brand Tom's of Maine
Clorox Company Multinational manufacturer and marketer of consumer and professional products, including "natural" brand Burt's Bees
Estée Lauder Major cosmetics manufacturer; produces "natural" brand Origins
Hains Celestial Group Major manufacturer of foods and personal care products, including "natural" brands Jason, Avalon, Alba, and Zia Naturals
Harvest Partners Private equity firm - owns "natural" brands Arbonne and Nature's Gate
Johnson & Johnson Multinational pharmaceutical consumer packaged goods manufacturer and distributor; produces "natural" brand Aveeno
L'Occitane en Provence "Natural" cosmetics manufacturer with a "no biopiracy" policy
L'Oréal Canada Major cosmetics manufacturer
Shiseido Canada Japanese cosmetics manufacturer; produces "natural" brand Bare Escentuals
Yves Rocher French "natural" cosmetics manufacturer
Union for Ethical BioTrade International non-profit organization promoting biodiversity conservation in the global cosmetics and botanicals industry

 

 

Pharmaceuticals, Biopharmaceuticals, and Genetic Research

Company/Trade Association Notes
Abbott Canada Pharmaceutical research and development
AbbVie Canada Pharmaceutical research and development
Aeterna Zentaris Biopharmaceutical research and development
Alectos Therapeutics Biopharmaceutical research and development
Amgen Canada Biotechnology research
Apotex Canada Pharmaceutical research and development; No. 3 pharmaceutical company in the Canadian marketplace
AstraZeneca Canada Pharmaceutical research and development; No. 10 pharmaceutical company in the Canadian marketplace
BioGen Biopharmaceutical research and development
Boehringer-Ingelheim Canada Pharmaceutical research and development
Bristol-Meyers-Squibb Pharmaceutical research and development
CDQM Research consortium with academic, government, and industry funding partners - biopharmaceutical research and development
CDRD Centre for Drug Research and Development at the University of British Columbia - research consortium with academic, government, and industry funding partners
Celgene Canada Biopharmaceutical research and development
Eli Lilly Canada Pharmaceutical research and development
Genzyme (Sanofi Subsidiary) Small molecule/drug discovery, genetics/genomics, surgical biomaterials
Gilead Sciences Canada Biopharmaceutical research and development
GlaxoSmithKline Canada Pharmaceutical research and development; No. 7 pharmaceutical company in the Canadian marketplace
Inception Sciences Pharmaceutical research and development
IRICoR Institute for Research in Immunology and Cancer - Commercialization of Research (IRICoR); non-profit drug discovery and "rapid commercialization" centre based out of the University of Montréal
Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical research and development; largest pharmaceutical company by market share in Canada
Merk Canada Pharmaceutical research and development; No. 4 pharmaceutical company in the Canadian marketplace
Norvartis Canada Pharmaceutical research and development; No. 5 pharmaceutical company in the Canadian marketplace
Pfizer Canada Pharmaceutical research and development; No. 2 pharmaceutical company in the Canadian marketplace
Pharmascience Pharmaceutical research and development; No. 9 pharmaceutical company in the Canadian marketplace
PlantForm Biopharmaceuticals, plant genetics
Roche Pharmaceutical research and development; No. 8 pharmaceutical company in the Canadian marketplace
Sanofi Canada Pharmaceutical research and development
Sirona Biochem Biotechnology research; therapeutics, cosmeceuticals, biological ingredients
Tait Labs Therapeutic solutions from traditional medical remedies
Takeda Canada Pharmaceutical research and development
Teva Canada Innovation Pharmaceutical research and development; No. 6 pharmaceutical company in the Canadian marketplace
UCB Canada Biopharmaceutical research and development
Xenon Rare disease genetics, new medicine commercialization
 

Government Stakeholders

Below is a listing of key officials from federal, provincial, and territorial levels of government, who either work directly on the ABS file or whose work touches on Access and Benefit Sharing, biodiversity, and Aboriginal relations. Any descriptor in italics indicates that the official in question is a "national focal point" (NFP) - an individual designated by Canada as a key expert in their field and who is authorized to represent Canada on Convention matters. Alternately, it denotes any participation in ABS events or work done with the CBD.

Below this is a table of links to federal and provincial departments or agencies whose mandate involves Aboriginal relations, land/water use and planning, biodiversity and conservation, economic development, and/or law and intellectual property - all key areas in ABS.

Federal, Provincial, and Territorial Officials

Official Title/Position Department/Agency

CBD Notes

Email Phone
Anne Murphy Senior Government Relations Officer Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada (Ontario Region) -- 416-973-0404
Dale Simpson Manager National Forests Genetics Research Centre - Natural Resources Canada Dale.Simpson@NRCan-RNCan.gc.ca 506-452-3530
Daniel Albahary Legal Council Nunavut Department of Justice dalbahary@gov.nu.ca 867-975-6354
Mark Graham Director of Research Canadian Museum of Nature

(also Co-Chair, Global Taxonomy Initiative Coordination Mechanism)

Convention on Biological Diversity NFP

mgraham@mus-nature.ca 613-566-4743
Ellen Kenchington Research Scientist Bedford Institute of Oceanography - Fisheries and Oceans Canada;   former director at Centre for Marine Biodiversity kenchingtone@mar.dfo-mpo.gc.ca 902-426-2030
John Moffet Director General Legislative and Regulatory Affairs - Environment Canada

Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety NFP

john.moffet@ec.gc.ca 819-953-2833
Kristina Blackborow Policy Analyst Ecosystems and Biodiversity Priorities Division - Environment Canada krista.blackborow@ec.gc.ca 905-336-4719
Nadine Nickner Senior Trade Policy Officer IP Trade Policy Division - Foreign Affairs, Trade, and Development Canada

Intergovernmental Committee on the Nagoya Protocol FP

nadine.nickner@internatonal.gc.ca 343-203-4435
Nashina Shariff Senior Policy Advisor Legislative And Regulatory Affairs Directorate, Environmental Stewardship Branch - Environment Canada

Intergovernmental Committee on the Nagoya Protocol FP

nashina.shariff@ec.gc.ca 819-420-7896
Nataliya Dormann A/National Manager Plant Biosafety Office - Canadian Food Inspection Agency Nataliya.Dormann@inspection.gc.ca 613-773-7125
Pascal Gaisson Process Improvement Facilitator Policy and Strategic Initiatives Branch - New Brunswick Department of Natural Resources Pascal.GIASSON@gnb.ca 506-453-7107
Pascale Collas Senior Policy Advisor Environment Canada

Participant at 2007 Montreal CBD Secretariat Capacity Building Workshop 

pascale.collas@ec.gc.ca 819-938-3689
Pierre Beaufils International Programs Advisor Heritage Conservation and Commemoration Directorate - Parks Canada

Convention on Biological Diversity Protected Areas NFP

pierre.beaufils@pc.gc.ca 819-934-5165
Risa Smith Manager International Biodiversity Policy, Canada Wildlife Services - Environment Canada

Convention on Biological Diversity SBSTTA NFP

risa.smith@ea.gc.ca 604-664-9303
Shelley Rowe Senior Policy Advisor Industry Canada -- 343-291-2682
Silvia Maciunas Legal Counsel Oceans and Environmental Law - Foreign Affairs, Trade, and Development Canada silvia.maciunas@international.gc.ca 343-203-2566
Sophie Bernier Head Great Lakes and Products Policy Unit - Environment Canada

Participant at 2005 Northern Workshop on ABS ("Bioprospecting in the North")

Sophie.Bernier@ec.gc.ca 819-938-4333
Stephen M. Gordon Manager Habitat Section - New Brunswick Department of Natural Resources Steve.Gordon@gnb.ca 506-453-7117

 

 

 

 

Provincial and Territorial Departments and Agencies

Province/Territory Department/Agency
Alberta Aboriginal Relations

Agriculture and Forestry

Environment and Parks

Justice and Solicitor General

British Columbia Aboriginal Relations and Reconciliation

Agriculture

Environment

Forests, Lands, and Natural Resource Operations

Justice

Manitoba Aboriginal and Northern Affairs

Agriculture, Food, and Rural Development

Conservation and Water Stewardship

Justice

New Brunswick Aboriginal Affairs

Agriculture, Aquaculutre, and Fisheries

Environment and Local Government

Justice

Natural Resources

Newfoundland and Labrador Environment and Conservation

Fisheries and Aquaculture

Justice and Public Safety

Natural Resources

Northwest Territories Aboriginal Affairs and Intergovernmental Relations

Environment and Natural Resources

Justice

Lands

Nova Scotia Agriculture

Environment

Fisheries and Aquaculture

Justice

Natural Resources

Nunavut Environment

Justice

Ontario Aboriginal Affairs

Agriculture, Food, and Northern Affairs

Attorney General

Environment and Climate Change

Natural Resources and Forestry

Prince Edward Island Agriculture and Fisheries

Communities, Land, and Environment

Justice and Public Safety

Québec Agriculture, Pêcheries, et Alimentation
Développment durable, Environnment et Lutte contre les chagements climatiques
Forêts, Faune, et Parcs
Justice
Secrétariat aux affaires autochtones
Saskatchewan Agriculture

Environment

Justice

Yukon Economic Development

Environment

Justice

 

 

Civil Society Stakeholders

Academics, lawyers, and policy experts who work in areas related to ABS, biodiversity, intellectual property, and Aboriginal rights. The second table contains a list of non-governmental organizations, agencies, and institutions whose work relates to ABS, biotechnology, Aboriginal rights, and conservation / biodiversity.

Academics

University/Organization Name Faculty/Organization Email Phone
University of British Columbia Darlene Johnston Law djohnston@law.ubc.ca 604-822-9517
University of British Columbia David Close Zoology; Director, Aboriginal Fisheries Research Unit d.close@fisheries.ubc.ca 604-822-0226
University of British Columbia Eduardo Joval Land and Food Systems; Director, Indigenous Research Partnerships eduardo.jovel@ubc.ca 604-822-3338
University of British Columbia Gordon Christie Law christie@law.ubc.ca 604-822-9872
University of British Columbia Johnny Mack Law, First Nations and Indigenous Studies mack@law.ubc.ca 604-827-4823
University of Calgary (Canadian Institute of Resources Law) Nigel Banks Law ndbankes@ucalgary.ca 403-220-7252
University of Calgary (Canadian Institute of Resources Law) Sharon Mascher Law smascher@ucalgary.ca 403-220-7327
Lakehead University Karen Drake Law kdrake@lakeheadu.ca 807-346-7804
University of Ottawa Darren O'Toole Law darren.otoole@uottawa.ca 613-562-5800 (2160)
University of Ottawa Jeremy de Beer Law jeremy.debeer@uottawa.ca 613-263-9155
University of Ottawa Larry Chartrand Law larry.chartrand@uottawa.ca 613-562-5800 (3713)
University of Ottawa Sarah Morales Law sarah.morales@uottawa.ca 613-562-5800 (7162)
Université de Montréal Alain Cuerrier Biology; also a bontanist and researcher at the Montreal Botanical Garden; specializes in First Nations medicinal plants, northern Aboriginal TK alain_cuerrier@ville.montreal.qc.ca 514-872-3182
Université de Montréal Konstantia Koutouki  Law konstantia.koutouki@umontreal.ca 514-343-6111 (0749)
Université de Montréal Robert Kasisi Development; participant at 2007 ABS Capacity Building Workshop in Montreal robert.kasisi@umontreal.ca 514-343-6111 (3409)
University of Manitoba Aimée Craft Law Aimee.Craft@umanitoba.ca 204-474-6140
University of Manitoba Wendy Whitecloud Law Wendy.Whitecloud@umanitoba.ca 204-474-6448
University of Prince Edward Island Russel Kerr Chemistry, Biomedical Sciences, Marine Natural Products Lab rkerr@upei.ca 902-566-7445
Queen's University Bita Amani Law amanib@queensu.ca 613-533-6000 (74252)
Queen's University Graham Whitelaw Environmental Studies whitelaw@queensu.ca 613-533-6000 (77379)
Queen's University Tobi Moody Law (doctoral candidate) --
University of Saskatchewan Glen Luther Law glen.luther@usask.ca 306-966-5887
University of Saskatchewan James Youngblood Henderson Law sakej.henderson@usask.ca 306-966-6191
University of Saskatchewan Ruth Thompson Director, Native Law Centre ruth.thompson@usask.ca 306-966-6190
Thompson Rivers University Tesh Dagne Law tdagne@tru.ca 250-852-7696
Trent University David Roy Newhouse Business Administration Chair, Indigenous Studies dnewhouse@trentu.ca 705-748-1011 (7497)
University of Victoria John Burrows Law jborrows@uvic.ca 250-721-8168
University of Victoria Kelly Bannister Director, POLIS project on Ecological Governance kel@uvic.ca 250-246-9722
University of Victoria Val Napoleon Law napoleon@uvic.ca 250-721-8172
Wilfrid Laurier University Patricia Goff Arts pgoff@wlu.ca 519-884-0710 (2588)
York University (Osgoode) Shin Imai Law simai@osgoode.yorku.ca 416-736-5274
York University (Osgoode) Signa Daum Shanks Law sdaumshanks@osgoode.yorku.ca 416-736-5431

 

 

Institutions and Non-Governmental Organizations

Organization Notes
Alberta Biodiversity Monitoring Institute Organization that monitors Alberta land use, wildlife, and biodiversity
Associacion ANDES International non-profit organization; biodiversity management, traditional rights associated with bio-cultural resources
Biodiversity BC Securing and improving the management of private and public lands as well as developing a comprehensive, science-based biodiversity strategy for BC
Canadian Business and Biodiversity Council Assists Canadian businesses that are prepared to show leadership in biodiversity conservation through managing their facilities and activities in an environmentally responsible and sustainable manner
Canadian Environmental Network Facilitates cooperation and networking among non-profit, non-governmental environmental organizations across Canada and internationally
CBD Secretariat Established to support the goals behind the Convention on Biological Diversity; organize meetings, prepare reports, assist member governments in the implementation of the various programmes of work, coordinate with other international organizations and collect and disseminate information
Community Forests Canada Promotes and facilitates reforestation efforts in Canada and around the world
ETC Group Organization that investigate ecological erosion (including cultures and human rights) and the development of new technologies (especially agricultural but also other technologies that work with genomics and matter)
Genome Canada Networking organization linking the public and private sectors to find new uses for genomics, encourage investments in large-scale science, and drive product innovation in health, agriculture, forestry, fisheries & aquaculture, energy, mining, and the environment.
Indigenous Environmental Network (US) Organization seeking to build the capacity of Indigenous communities  to develop mechanisms to protect sacred sites, land, water, air, and natural resources, and to build economically sustainable communities.
IPinCH (Intellectual Property in Cultural Heritage) An international collaboration of archaeologists, Indigenous organizations, lawyers, anthropologists, ethicists, policy makers, and others, working to explore and facilitate fair and equitable exchanges of knowledge relating to heritage
Manitoba Wildlands A non-profit environmental and public research organization that works with communities, industry sectors, and environmental organizations for the future of Manitoba's lands and waters.
Native Law Centre of Canada - University of Saskatchewan Specialist resource on Aboriginal legal issues
NatureServe Canada Networking and research organization dedicated to biodiversity and conservation science
Ontario Biodiversity Council Council consisting of conservation and environmental groups, industry associations, Aboriginal organizations, academia and government agencies in Ontario
Ontario Environment Network - Biodiversity Caucus Biodiversity education and advocacy in Ontario
Quebec Centre for Biodiversity Science Quebec-based networking organization connecting more than 110 researchers, 700 graduate students and postdoctoral fellows, as well as many undergraduate students and numerous national and international partners
Stratos Ssustainability consultants for industry, government, and civil society
The ABS Capacity Development Initiative Organization hosted by the German Ministry of Economic Cooperation and Development that aims to build capacity and awareness of access and benefit sharing and related biodiversity issues
World Intellectual Property Organization United Nations agency with 188 member countries; serves as a global forum for intellectual property services, policy, information and cooperation