Category Archives: Food for thought

WIPO IGC 39: Unraveling the Tiered Approach to TK/TCEs

One of the major innovations of the IGC, in its long-running search for international legal instruments for the effective protection of TK/TCEs (Traditional Knowledge / Traditional Cultural Expressions), is the idea of tiered or differentiated approaches to TK/TCEs. The essence of looking at TK/TCEs on a tiered basis is the recognition that some TK/TCE categories are diffused…
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GMO Crops, Risks to Biodiversity, and the Enduring Value of Indigenous Knowledge

As early as 2021, Bayer (previously Bayer-Monsanto) will release SmartStax Pro, the first federally-approved GMO to use RNA interference – a biological process that prevents cells from creating specific proteins – to defend plants against consumption by specific insect pests. Release of a GMO naturally corresponds with a reduction in biodiversity as the previous crops are outcompeted…
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TK and TCEs Again Under Focus at 37th WIPO IGC

On August 27, 2018, the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) Intergovernmental Committee on Intellectual Property and Genetic Resources, Traditional Knowledge and Folklore (IGC) reconvened in Geneva for its 37th session.      The August 27-31 meeting is the third under the 2018-2019 biennium of the IGC and also the first opportunity for the experts to…
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Blockchain Technology and Access and Benefit-Sharing

This post was contributed by Frederic Perron-Welch, an International Law Advisor and PhD candidate at the Grotius Centre for International Legal Studies, Leiden University. Frederic lives in Geneva.    Emerging information technologies such as blockchain may provide opportunities for lowering transaction costs and increasing legal certainty in ABS transactions. The current discussions in the CBD…
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